Infertility means the inability of the spouses to have children during their married life, which may reach decades, and infertility means that a married woman does not get pregnant after completing sexual intercourse with the husband, and infertility may be caused by the presence of a problem in one of the spouses, and infertility is diagnosed by the absence of vaccination and pregnancy After 12 months of regular intercourse, which does not include the use of any method of birth control or birth control. An estimated 8% to 12% of infertile people suffer from fertility problems around the world, and experts believe that 45%-50% of cases are due to male problems.
One of the ways and methods that can be used and resorted to to treat the problem of infertility is stem cell therapy, which is an internal repair system. When a stem cell is transplanted and divided, the cell may remain as it is or turn into another type of cell, with different, more specialized functions such as cells that It affects the work of the eggs or the cells that produce sperm and that play a role in reproduction.
Stem Cells They are the basic cells that can form any type of cell in the human body, such as liver cells, nerve cells, and pancreatic cells. When these cells divide in large numbers, they can form new cells depending on the environment in which they are located, for example, if these cells are transplanted in A sick heart, the patient can be cured as new cells are produced capable of carrying out the functions performed by the damaged cells in the heart. Also, if stem cells are transplanted into the cirrhotic liver, they are able to regenerate fibrotic cells and will restore the liver’s functions and perform them normally, and thus stem cells are able To regenerate damaged or dead cells in any part or place in the body.
A number of studies and research have been conducted to prove the effectiveness of stem cells in treating infertility in both sexes, men and women, and these studies have reached promising results for the treatment of infertility.
There are a variety of reasons that lead to infertility in men, such as the presence of a blockage in the testicular ducts, which prevents the arrival of semen that nourishes the penis, which causes impeding the occurrence of pregnancy. by culturing the embryos.
Also among the causes of male infertility is the presence of varicose veins on one or both testicles, and this requires the man to undergo surgery to get rid of the varicose veins. As for the absence of sperm from the man, in this case, the testicles are injected with stem cells that are taken from the pelvic area from the same man, and wait for a period of more than eight months to see if sperm will be produced after stem cell transplantation or not?
A number of infertility specialists and doctors have indicated that stem cell transplantation has achieved 45% success in treating infertility cases, and research is still underway to improve results and develop treatment in this way.